Check out this NYTimes article. Apparently there’s some encouraging news for those of us with e-devices, which is everyone: the F.A.A. is going to review the rules for takeoff and landing whilst using particular electronic devices. Surprisingly it appears as if airlines could start allowing electronic devices right away but would have to test the devices themselves. But not only the devices, but, well, I’ll let you read:
Abby Lunardini, vice president of corporate communications at Virgin America, explained that the current guidelines require that an airline must test each version of a single device before it can be approved by the F.A.A. For example, if the airline wanted to get approval for the iPad, it would have to test the first iPad, iPad 2 and the new iPad, each on a separate flight, with no passengers on the plane.
It would have to do the same for every version of the Kindle. It would have to do it for every different model of plane in its fleet. And American, JetBlue, United, Air Wisconsin, etc., would have to do the same thing. (No wonder the F.A.A. is keeping smartphones off the table since there are easily several hundred different models on the market.)
Emphasis mine. That sounds like a lot of combinatorics and permutations to me.
- Which kind of device would require the least/most testing?
- Which airlines could conceivably do this in the least amount of time, with their fleet size?
A bit of research on airline fleets, a bit of googling on the different types of electronic devices (e-readers, MP3 players, etc), and you’ve got a nice permutations problem.
Remember when in elementary school when teachers would instruct you to sit “boy-girl-boy-girl?” Well, it appears as if the United States Congress needs to be reprimanded for their childish behavior and must sit “Democrat-Republican-Democrat-Republican.” You see, Colorado Senator Mark Udall made a proposal that during the 2011 State of the Union (SOTU) speech members of congress would sit amongst members of the opposite party. This is in contrast to previous SOTU addresses where the house of congress was firmly divided and after each line half of the house would cheer like their favorite team is trying to make a crucial 3rd down stop and the other half would sit on their hands and scowl. So members of congress accepted Udall’s proposal and immediately members of congress began trying to decide whom to sit next to so they could appear bi-partisan but so as not to sit next to anyone that’s an anathema to that politician’s base supporters (Seriously, they are children).
Anyway, as you may also know, Democrats lost a lot of seats in the 2010 mid-term elections after four years of steady gains. For the 2011 SOTU there were 242 Republicans (Rs) and 193 Democrats (Ds) in the House of Representatives; 53 Ds (and Independents who caucus with the Democrats) and 47 Rs in the Senate. As far as I know, the Senate and Congress sit together during the SOTU, so that’s a total of 289 Rs and 246 Ds.
So upon hearing that Ds and Rs were to sit together at the 2011 SOTU, I wondered a couple things:
- Is it possible for every member of congress to sit next to a member of the opposite party?
- If it is possible, how lopsided would the party split have to be before it becomes impossible?
I was hoping this wouldn’t be a simple discrete math problem. And as luck would have it, it isn’t (at least, I don’t think it is). Behold the floor-plan of the House of Representatives.
(note: not actually the floor plan of House of Representatives. At least I don’t think it is. And it certainly isn’t the seats used for the SOTU seeing as there are more members of congress than seats in this diagram. If anyone out there can find a better, more-correct diagram of the seats of Congress during a SOTU please email me. Below, I’ll start out using the entire congress, but eventually I’ll switch to just the House, and then I’ll declare that it doesn’t really matter.)
What a wonderful disparity of seats! There are rows of 15 and rows of two! There are things called the “Republican and Democratic Committee Tables”. And I’ve always wanted to know where the Tally Clerk sits.
So here’s how I would produce this to students.